At the beginning of first grade, most children are "emergent readers." They are able to read familiar books that contain some of the high frequency words below. They are beginning to use their knowledge of letter sounds and the patterns in the text to figure out unknown words. During first grade, children learn several important strategies to decode more difficult words, to understand more complex stories and to read more fluently.
High frequency words (sometimes known as "sight words") occur often in both conversation and printed text. These words are used so often in books that first graders need to be able to read and write them quickly. A first grade student needs to immediately recognize these words in print, without slowing down to "sound" them out.
Words to Know:
- Discover which words your first grader already knows by listening to him read and asking him to write a few of the words at a time.
- Play sight word matching game. Hide the words around your house and have your first grader find the word matches.
- Write all sight words on a 3"x5" card. Use these words to makes silly sentences or find these words in a favorite book.
- Use magnetic letters to recreate the sight words. You can also use playdough or shaving cream in a baggie (don’t forget to seal the baggie and tape it shut!). These help with letter formation, fine motor, writing skills but also help with memorizing those sight words.